Community centres, libraries and recycling centres will close and places of worship will no longer be able to hold regular services, except for funerals and weddings.
Following the half-term holiday, primary schools and special schools will reopen, Mr Drakeford said.
During the fire break, people will be banned from meeting people outside of their household both indoors and outdoors with anyone they do not live with, with exceptions for those living alone.
They must stay at home, except for limited purposes such as exercise, and must work from home wherever possible.
Gatherings are banned, including Halloween and fireworks or Bonfire Night celebrations.
Non-essential travel within Wales has essentially been banned with increased border restriction on travel into the country.
As of Friday 16 October, people living in areas with high levels of coronavirus in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland are not allowed to travel to Wales.
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said England’s tiered alert system would “give an idea” of a similar scheme to be proposed in Scotland.
It will be discussed by MSPs after the October recess and could come into effect when stricter measures are due to be eased on October 25.
Pubs, bars, restaurants and cafes outside central Scotland can only conduct indoor business between 6am and 6pm and not serve alcohol, although alcoholic drinks can be served until 10pm in outdoor areas.
But pubs and licensed restaurants in five health board areas – Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Lanarkshire, Ayrshire and Arran, Lothian, and Forth Valley – have been forced to close for all but takeaway service until October 26.
Snooker and pool halls, indoor bowling, casinos and bingo halls have also been made to close and no outdoor live events are allowed in these five areas.
In addition, shops have been asked to return to two metres of physical distancing and to reintroduce measures from earlier in the pandemic such as one-way systems.
In terms of seeing friends and family, people cannot meet others from another household unless they are part of an “extended household”, available to people who live alone or only with children under 18.
People can meet outdoors in groups of up to six, not including children under 12, from no more than two households, and a maximum of six people from two households can meet in public indoor spaces such as cafes, pubs and restaurants.
Ms Sturgeon advised Scots against travelling to high-risk areas of England as she singled out Blackpool as “associated with a large and growing number of Covid cases in Scotland”.